"Oh, I don't know why, but I've always loved the idea of summer, and sun, and all things hot."
Olaf is a snowman built by Elsa. He is based on a similar snowman built by Elsa and her sister, Anna, when they were both young. Though she was unaware of it, Elsa imbued Olaf with life, and the snowman proved instrumental in Anna's quest to find her sister.
- 1 History
- 2 Personality
- 3 Abilities
- 4 Relationships
- 5 Appearances
- 6 Trivia
- 7 Gallery
- 8 References
Olaf was built on the night of the accident that would separate Elsa and Anna for thirteen years. At the time, Olaf was not yet sentient, and Elsa would simulate the snowman's actions and voice, creating his signature greeting: "Hi, I'm Olaf, and I like warm hugs". Anna loved the snowman she had built with her sister, and the three of them skated inside the Great Hall, propelled by Elsa's magic. However, after Anna was struck by Elsa's magic, Olaf toppled as a result of ice spreading across the room.
After her powers were revealed following her coronation, Elsa fled Arendelle. Due to the long years of concealment, Elsa did not mind being away from everyone else and seized the opportunity to experiment with her abilities. During this moment of catharsis, Elsa recreated her beloved snowman, unknowingly imbuing him with life. After some time, Olaf would make his way from the North Mountain to a frozen forest that glittered from light refracting off of the ice crystals.
The snowman soon happened upon two traveling individuals, Anna and Kristoff, and a reindeer, Sven. Overhearing Anna's statements about the ice forest's beauty, Olaf voiced his agreement but interjected that it would be better with a dash of color. Not realizing that his sentience was startling, Olaf was subjected to an instinctual kick from Anna and lost his head. Despite this, Olaf remained cheerful and, having landed in his arms, greeted Kristoff. However, the ice harvester was similarly disturbed by Olaf and tossed the head back to Anna. Olaf's head continued to exchange hands in this manner until Anna threw it back at his body, though it landed upside down.
When Olaf wondered at why Anna and Kristoff were hanging from the earth, Anna grew sympathetic and helped the snowman rearrange his head and presented him with a carrot nose. Grateful for the kindness, Olaf proceeded to introduce himself. Upon hearing Olaf's name, Anna remembered the snowman she and Elsa had built together. Realizing Elsa must have rebuilt Olaf, Anna asked the snowman if he could lead them to Elsa and have her restore summer. To Anna and Kristoff's surprise, Olaf remarked that it was his dream to experience summer, and happily led them onward to Elsa.
The ice palace
True to his word, Olaf led Anna, Kristoff, and Sven ever closer to Elsa; however, the group found their progress impeded by the sudden appearance of a steep rock face. While Kristoff and Anna began to discuss scaling the cliff, Olaf wandered off to the side of the face to look for another route, finding an ice staircase that led directly to Elsa's ice palace. Olaf went back to Anna and Kristoff and told them what he had discovered. Anna, who had begun to climb the cliff, reacted joyfully to Olaf's news and released her grip, dropping into Kristoff's arms. She, Kristoff, and Sven then proceeded to follow Olaf, catching sight of not only the ice staircase Olaf spoke of, but also Elsa's palace.
While Anna and Kristoff busied themselves with admiring the magnificence of the palace, Olaf was already excitedly making his way up the staircase. Though Sven was forced to stay behind, the princess and ice harvester eventually ascended the steps and joined the snowman at the palace doors. When Anna expressed hesitation at knocking, Olaf tried to encourage her, but she remained reluctant, prompting the snowman to wonder if she "[knew] how to knock". However, Anna eventually knocked and the doors slowly swung open. Desiring some privacy, Anna requested both Olaf and Kristoff remain outside while she went in to talk to Elsa. Taking her request for "a minute" literally, Olaf acquiesced to Anna's request and began to count to sixty seconds.
Eventually, Olaf's excitement overtook him, and he burst through the doors as he reached sixty. He ran towards Elsa and enthusiastically greeted his creator, who was astonished upon seeing the snowman was alive. With Olaf present, Anna tried to convince Elsa to return to Arendelle by reminding her of the close relationship they shared in the past. Though this initially seemed to get through to her, Elsa recoiled at her memories of the past and turned away. While Anna went to pursue her sister, Olaf remained behind.
A short while after, Olaf and Kristoff went to find Anna and saw the princess kneeling on the ground after being struck by Elsa's magic. Fearful, Elsa created a giant snowman to remove the trio from the palace.
Though Elsa's guard merely tossed Anna and Kristoff out of the palace, he broke Olaf into his constituent parts and threw the pieces at the princess and ice harvester. After Anna angered the snowman, Olaf told her and Kristoff to run while he distracted Marshmallow; however, the lower parts of Olaf's body walked off on without the head, making the task difficult.
Eventually, Olaf managed to reassemble himself and went to find his his companions, who were dangling from a cliff, happily proclaiming that they had escaped "Marshmallow". But in reality, Marshmallow stood behind Olaf and prepared to advance on Anna and Kristoff. The smaller snowman realized his mistake and tried to impede Marshmallow, but his attempt was in vain. Olaf tried a last-ditch effort to stop Marshmallow by grabbing hold of the larger snowman's leg, but Marshmallow shook him off, causing him to fall from the cliff. A short while later, Anna and Kristoff met a similar fate and reunited with Olaf at the base of the cliff; Sven also managed to locate the trio, much to Olaf's delight. When Kristoff realized Anna's hair was turning white as a result of being struck by Elsa's magic, the four hastened to find a cure.
Meeting the trolls
By nightfall, the group had made their way to the Valley of the Living Rock; Olaf traveled on Sven's back, with the two traveling slightly ahead of Anna and Kristoff while admiring the aurora borealis, connecting more as they did so. The four eventually came to a clearing, and Kristoff gestured around at the rocks, telling Anna to "meet [his] family". While Anna silently stood still, staring in shock, Olaf openly questioned Kristoff's sanity and, on the grounds that he loved her, insisted that the princess run. Anna slowly began to walk away, but Kristoff beckoned for her to stay, and the "rocks" suddenly began to move. As the rocks rolled towards Kristoff, they revealed themselves to be trolls.
Olaf playfully danced with the younger trolls as the elder ones set up Kristoff and Anna. When the princess collapsed, Pabbie informed her that "only an act of true love" could save her. At this, the group quickly departed for Arendelle, with Olaf bouncing merrily on the back of Sven.
On the approach to Arendelle, Olaf slid through the snow next to his companions, penguin-style. As they neared the castle, Olaf and Sven went separate ways, but before the snowman slid off, Kristoff warned him to stay out of sight. However, Olaf did not heed this warning, startling a villager when he greeted her. Despite this setback, Olaf managed to enter the castle eventually and found himself at the locked library doors.
Using his carrot nose, Olaf managed to pick the lock of the door and, pleased with himself, entered the dark room. His happiness was short-lived when he found Anna lying on the floor, weak and cold. Realizing that there was a fireplace, Olaf tasked himself with starting a fire to keep Anna warm, and after being briefly entranced by the heat, he brought the princess near the flames.
Feeling that Anna was safe for the moment, Olaf asked what had happened with Hans and his kiss. Anna sadly replied that she was wrong about Hans and that what they had was not true love. Olaf was disheartened upon hearing upon hearing this, and Anna insisted the snowman get away from the fire; however, Olaf refused to leave until they found a way to save her. Utterly defeated, Anna stated that she did not even know what love was. But Olaf remained optimistic and reassured the princess that he knew: "Love is ... putting someone else's needs before yours." After Olaf used Kristoff to illustrate his point, Anna realized that the ice harvester loved her. When Anna noticed that he was melting, Olaf was quick to dismiss her concern, stating that she was "worth melting for". Suddenly, a window burst open, and as he went to shut it, Olaf gleefully noticed that Kristoff was returning to Arendelle. Filled with new hope, Anna asked Olaf to help her up, intending to meet the ice harvester outside. As the snowman helped Anna to her feet, the blizzard outside the castle intensified in strength, causing ice spikes to form in the castle, threatening to trap the pair within. The duo managed to escape from a window, but upon reaching the frozen fjord, Olaf was blown away by the winds, leaving Anna to fend for herself.
Eventually, the storm came to a halt, and Olaf managed to locate Anna. He was shocked to discover that she had succumbed to her curse and froze completely. He, Kristoff, and Sven could only watch in despair while Elsa grieved over her sister's lifeless body.
The Great Thaw
Olaf soon noticed Anna's form beginning to thaw and exclaimed that her sacrifice had led to the thawing of her frozen heart. This prompted Elsa to realize that "love will thaw", and she was able to return Arendelle to summer. While remarking it was "the best day of [his] life", Olaf began to melt in the heat. Before Olaf could melt completely however, Elsa reacted quickly by bestowing Olaf with a personal flurry so that he could remain cool.
With his snow cloud safely overhead, Olaf was free to enjoy summer and frolicked throughout the village, where he encountered some blooming purple flowers. Regarding the flowers warmly, Olaf gave them a deep sniff but sneezed, losing his carrot nose in the process. Olaf was shocked to discover that Sven had seized hold of the carrot and was saddened when the reindeer consumed it. However, the reindeer was merely joking around and returned the carrot to Olaf, much to the snowman's delight.
Later, the castle gates were opened, and the whole village made its way inside the castle courtyard, where Elsa created an ice rink. In the courtyard, Olaf helped Elsa teach Anna how to skate, and the three of them enjoyed summer's return along with Kristoff, Sven, and the villagers.
Olaf was very excited for his first Christmas with his new family. He spent the morning before the start of the holidays jumping out in surprise at the castle staff in anticipation of the surprise party. He ended up in the dining room where the party had been set up, and jumped out at Anna from under a pile of kransekake. Anna and Elsa told him that he still had to wait until the Yule bell had been rang before he could reveal the surprise party.
Olaf went with Anna and Elsa to the courtyard to greet the citizens, and wait for the Yule bell to arrive. When the Yule bell arrived, he was not sure why he was so excited, until Elsa explained that ringing the Yule bell would signal the start of the holiday celebrations. After he helped Anna and Elsa ring the bell, Anna gave him permission to announce to the citizens the surprise, but they were already all leaving the courtyard by this time. Thinking that the surprise was everyone leaving, Olaf then listened to Kristoff explain his family tradition.
When Olaf and the sisters returned to the dining hall, Olaf was excited to hear about Anna and Elsa's tradition. When it was revealed that neither could remember any traditions growing up, Olaf was left feeling sad. His spirits were soon lifted when he had the idea of searching the kingdom for a tradition special enough for Anna and Elsa. After recruiting Sven to help him pull the sled, the pair set off to find traditions.
Olaf proved very successful in finding traditions, and before long they were on the outskirts of the kingdom. The last house was Wandering Oaken's Trading Post and Sauna; Oaken greeted Olaf, and invited him in to join in with the festivities. As a result of being in the sauna, Olaf melted, leading to Oaken collect him in a bucket and deposit him outside, where he refroze. After Oaken gave Olaf a portable sauna for Anna and Elsa, Olaf asked if he could also have one of the tastefully traditional towels that Oaken and his family were fond of wearing, and obtained Oaken's own towel.
Feeling proud of his work, Olaf set off back towards the castle with Sven. However, things took a bad turn when Olaf accidentally caused a hot coal to fall out of the sauna; he managed to get rid of it, only for it to bounce back and ignite some flammable decorations. An axe also disconnected one of the sled's shafts from Sven; this caused Olaf and the sled to overtake Sven. Sven was then dragged along by the sled, but this did not phase Olaf, thinking that the speed meant that they were making good time. The sled finally fell over a gorge, ditching Olaf on the opposite side to Sven. Olaf continued to try and be positive about the events, commenting that the fire had been extinguished; when it reignited, his spirits faded slightly. Finally acknowledging the events as a slight set back, Olaf began to salvage anything that might have survived the crash. He finally found a fruitcake, and began to make his way back through the forest to the castle, telling Sven that he would meet him there.
In the forest, however, Olaf encountered wolves, and found that he had to run for his life. He finally broke through the thorny brush into a clearing. Despite suffering a few scrapes from the experience, Olaf remained undeterred with the fruitcake still in hand; however, his hopes were finally dashed when a hawk flew away with it. Olaf, now depressed, made his way back into the forest, lamenting at having failed Anna and Elsa. He sat down under a tree, thinking it would be best if he stayed lost.
Anna and Elsa eventually found Olaf, and when they enquired as to where he went, he told them about his journey, but how it ultimately failed. The sisters proceeded to explain to Olaf that this was not the case, and showed him a box full of items all featuring him. He was Anna and Elsa's tradition; in the years they had been apart, Anna had made gifts for Elsa using Olaf as the theme. This had kept them connected, Olaf being a demonstration of Anna and Elsa's love for each other. The three shared a hug, and with their realisation in mind began to head back towards Arendelle. There was still time for the citizens to show some appreciation at seeing Olaf safe, gifting him certain items such as a large scarf and decorations.
The party stopped at a frozen lake, and after Elsa made a large tree from ice, she raised Olaf to the top where he placed a star with a figurine of himself encased inside. Olaf and his family admired the creation, and after he had hopped down from Sven's antlers, Elsa commented on how Arendelle now had a new tradition. The hawk then returned to drop the fruitcake on Olaf, prompting him to announce it was a Christmas miracle.
Months later, Olaf helped prepare the courtyard for Anna's nineteenth birthday, during which he ate a portion of Anna's cake. When he was caught by Elsa, the snowman denied having eaten anything but later replaced the consumed portion back onto the cake.
When Elsa left to wake Anna, she left Olaf, Kristoff, and Sven to watch over the courtyard in her absence, but the trio fell asleep. They were awakened by a group of mischievous snowmen, Snowgies; excited to see more living snowmen, Olaf gathered a few in his arms and deemed them his "little brothers". However, when the Snowgies started to go after Anna's cake, Olaf and his companions tasked themselves with stopping them. In the struggle, Kristoff used Olaf's head as a makeshift bowling ball to prevent some Snowgies from reaching the cake. The Snowgies continued to disrupt the party set-up by knocking over the birthday banner; though Olaf volunteered to repair it, his lack of reading and spelling knowledge led to the banner reading "DRY BANANA HIPPY HAT". But ultimately, the snowman and his companions were able to prevent the party from being ruined long enough for Anna to arrive in the courtyard, after which they began celebrating.
Following the festivities, Olaf, Kristoff, and Sven brought the Snowgies to Elsa's ice palace so that the little snowmen would have a place to live. Despite the mischief the Snowgies caused, Olaf was still fond of his smaller counterparts and saw fit to name several of them upon entering the palace.
The Enchanted Forest
Now made of permafrost, Olaf accompanied Elsa, Anna, Kristoff and Sven to the Enchanted Forest to save Arendelle. Olaf's persistant and apparently insane theories about water and other fun facts constantly annoyed his companions during the trip. He became terrified by the Nature Spirits he encountered in the forest. After meeting the Northuldra and the stranded Arendellian soldiers led by Lieutenant Mattias, Olaf's rather dramatic rendition of Elsa and Anna's history helped to calm the tense situation until the discovery that Queen Iduna was Northuldra dissipated the tension completely.
When the sisters left to continue following the mysterious voice, Olaf followed them and they eventually located the wreckage of the royal ship. Devastated to learn that her parents died in an effort to learn the source of her powers, Elsa forcefully sent Anna and Olaf away, angering Olaf for once as they evaded the Earth Giants. When Elsa became frozen after learning the truth at Ahtohallan, the magic that animated Olaf dissipated, causing him to die in Anna's arms and fade away, eventually becoming a lifeless pile of snow.
After Anna saved both the Enchanted Forest and Arendelle by destroying the dam in the Enchanted Forest, Elsa was revived. Elsa resurrected Olaf, commenting that thankfully, as Olaf had speculated, water has memory.
Fun-loving, friendly, and naive, Olaf possesses high spirits and optimism that rival Anna's. Despite having his head kicked off, Olaf retained a genial demeanor towards Anna and Kristoff as they tossed his head back and forth. Olaf also had high hopes about Elsa restoring the summer, despite Kristoff's beliefs otherwise. True to his naivety, Olaf dreamt of experiencing summer, the mere thought of which sent him into a dream-like state. The snowman was also able to find humor in just about any situation, such as laughing off the incident in which he impaled himself on an ice spike and poking fun at Elsa's angry snow guard by calling him "Marshmallow".
Olaf's vibrant personality makes it easy for him to interact and connect with others. In addition to swiftly befriending Anna, Kristoff, and Sven, the snowman grew to be well-loved by Arendelle's inhabitants, despite having spent a short amount of time at the castle.
Though Olaf has a childlike innocence, he is capable of remarkable insight, having lifted Anna's spirits by teaching the princess the meaning of love. And despite Anna and Kristoff not noticing it themselves, Olaf was able to ascertain the ice harvester's blossoming affection for the princess. The snowman was also the one to realize that Anna's sacrifice was the act of true love that the princess required to thaw her frozen heart. This same realization also led to Elsa thawing out Arendelle.
Olaf is incredibly selfless, volunteering to distract Marshmallow to provide Anna and Kristoff enough time to flee. And under the pretense that Kristoff was delusional, the snowman offered to keep the ice harvester occupied so that Anna could escape. Olaf was even willing to let himself melt in his effort to keep Anna warm and delay the effects of her curse.
Olaf is also extremely forgiving, as he overlooked the fact that Marshmallow had tossed him from a cliff and believed that the giant snowman was acting out due to experiencing a bad day; he even hoped that the two of them could get together and have a fun day out.
Olaf's most notable feature is the fact that he is an animate snowman. Olaf is able to not only move on his own, but also speak. He possesses two twig arms that are capable of grasping and picking up objects, such as matches. He can even detach his carrot nose and use it effectively as a lock-pick.
The snowman was constructed from five balls of snow: one for his head, two for his torso, and two for feet; Olaf can separate into these constituent parts and rearrange himself at will. The legs exhibit their own sentience, able to freely move despite being detached from the head, a trait that inconvenienced the snowman during his encounter with Marshmallow.
Olaf also lacks the ability to perceive pain; he not only impaled himself on an ice spike without exhibiting signs of discomfort, but also laughed it off moments later.
Being made of snow provides Olaf with one particular weakness: a sensitivity to heat. Despite his desire to experience summer, Olaf still was vulnerable to melting from exposure to high temperatures. However, Elsa was able to help Olaf overcome this weakness by giving him a personal flurry to keep him cool at all times. When Elsa's powers became stronger with time, she was able to make a layer of permafrost to cover his surface, and as such he no longer required the flurry to survive in warm environments.
Olaf is dependent on Elsa's magic. When she became frozen in Ahtohallan, the magic keeping Olaf alive dissipated and he faded away. However, once revived, Elsa was able to resurrect Olaf from the pile of snow he had become.
- Main article: Olaf's relationships
|Films and Shorts|
|Frozen||Appears||Olaf's Frozen Adventure||Appears|
|Frozen Fever||Appears||Frozen II||Appears|
- Big Snowman, Little Snowman
- Olaf & Sven on Thin Ice
- Phantoms of Arendelle
- A New Reindeer Friend
- Anna & Elsa's Winter's End Festival
- Olaf referred to the aurora borealis in the same way that Anna did as a child, saying that "the sky [was] awake".
- Olaf has a love for ice cream cake and made it his mission to get one for the royal cook on her birthday.
- Attesting Olaf's ability to endure pain, story artist Jeff Ranjo expressed delight at working with Olaf, saying, "You can rip his arms off, you can cut his head off, you can make a hole in him. He doesn't care. I love to torture Olaf, because he's a snowman. He doesn't feel pain. I can abuse him and get paid for it."
- Olaf appeared in the Frozen teaser trailer along with Sven.
- Olaf appeared in the "Simpson's ALS Ice Bucket Challenge" as one of the objects that drops on Homer Simpson.
- Olaf is obsessed with reading after Anna taught him to read after her birthday party.
- Richford, Rhonda (June 14, 2019). Disney Reveals First Footage of 'Frozen 2' in Annecy. Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved on February 15, 2020. “Head of animation Becky Bresee and head of effects Marlon West revealed that the story picks up three years after the ending of the first film.”
- Frozen: Stories from Arendelle, page 111.
- Frozen: Stories from Arendelle, page 147.
- Frozen: Stories from Arendelle, page 112.
- The Art of Frozen, page 109.
- Walt Disney Animation Studios (June 19, 2013). Disney's Frozen Teaser Trailer. YouTube. Retrieved on December 14, 2014.
- Animation Domination (August 26, 2014). Simpsons ALS Ice Bucket Challenge. YouTube. Retrieved on November 26, 2014.
- Frozen II: Forest of Shadows, page 47